Lesson plan:

Form: 6b

Date: 23/01/2017

Theme: Traditional food

Aims: 1) Оқушылардың сөздік қорын байыту, тамаққа қатысты жаңа сөздерді енгізу, жаңа сөздерді сабақта қолдана білуге дағдыландыру;

2) Жаңа инновациялық технологияның тиімділігін пайдалана отырып, оқушылардың танымдық ой- өрісін, логикалық ойлау, есте сақтау, сөйлеу қабілеттерін дамыту;

3) Оқушылардың сабақта алған білімін оқу  әрекетінде қолдана білуге, өзге елдің, өз еліміздің салт-дәстүрін, ұлттық тағамдарын біліп, мәдениетін сыйлауға тәрбиелеу;

Visual aids:  book, exercises, interactive white board, multi-media projector, pictures;

Type of the lesson:  combined

The procedure of the lesson:

I.Org moment:

  1. a) Greeting
  2. b) Psychological Training: «Tree of achievement»

T: Look at this lonely tree. It’s so miserable. I ask you to take one of these apples and help our tree covered with multi coloured foliage. Those who chose the green apple — will be successful on our today’s lesson, red-will communicate, yellow-will be active.

с) Division into 2 groups

  1. Checking up the home task- ‘Gallery walk’

III. Warm-up: Picture Test   Photo + country

How do you think, is this food   traditional   one of each country?

  1. Presentation of the new theme: What will be our lesson today? About traditional food

Write down today’s theme in your copybooks. SWBAT- You will be able to talk about traditional food of Great Britain & KZ…….

  1. Pre-reading Task:
             I know            I want to know              I’ve learnt
     

 

  1. Vocabulary-How did you understand? How did it mean?

Roast potatoes                     cornflakes

Roast beef                            toasts

Big turkey                            Yorkshire pudding

VII. Reading the text British traditional food  (from the text)

VIII. After-reading Tasks:

  1. a) Countable\uncountable nouns
  2. b) Poster: «Yourкshire pudding»         «Reputation of British food»
  3. c) True or False?
  4. d) Completing the map:

Traditional food           Drinks               Breakfast               5 o’clock tea                 Supper  

  1. Relaxation Moment: The song «Gummy bear»
  2. Feedback: “Catch the question” What have you learnt? What are you interested in?
  3. Home task: To complete the Wenn diagram

«Eating in Kazakhstan»            «Both»                     «Eating in Britain»

XII. Reflection: Was our lesson exiting? How do you think? Please, your opinions…

XII. Evaluation:   Sulukhan-             Alina-             Aidyn-               Bakhtiyar-              Daniyar-

Meirzhan-             Aktilek-          Ilariya-              Dariya-                    Nazerke-

Shakhnazar-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

School named after B. Begaliev

 

 

 

 

       Lesson plan

The theme: «Traditional food»

6 «b» Grade

Teacher:  Zhumanova Galiya

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2016-2017 school year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Дерево достижений

T: Обратите внимание на наше одинокое дерево. У каждого из вас есть листочки разного цвета. Я попрошу вас взять один из них (любого цвета) и помочь нашему дереву покрыться разноцветной листвой.

Тех, кто выбрал зеленый лист, ожидает успех на сегодняшнем занятии.

Те, кто выбрал  Красный — желают общаться. Желтый — проявят активность. Синий — будут настойчивы.

Помните, что красота дерева зависит от вас, ваших стремлений и ожиданий.

 

 

Тема: Национальная кухня Британии. Монологическая речь

Цель: Совершенствование навыков монологической речи на базе текста –образца

Развивающий аспект: создавать условия для развития психических процессов: памяти, мышления, речи, восприятия, воображения

Образовательный аспект: расширять социокультурный опыт учащихся, обучать работе с карточками.

Воспитательный аспект: создавать условия для воспитания толерантного отношения к культуре страны изучаемого языка

Сопутствующие задачи: Совершенствовать навыки произношения.

Совершенствовать навыки употребления лексических единиц

Совершенствовать навыки употребления грамматических конструкций

Совершенствовать навыки говорения

Литература: Л.М. Лапицкая и др. Английский язык 8 класс, Вышэйшая школа, 2008 год

Л.М. Лапицкая и др. Английский язык 8 класс: Рабочая тетрадь, Аверсэв, 2011

Оборудование: карточки

Тип урока: Комбинированный урок

Вид урока: Урок- совершенствование речевых навыков

Ход урока

Приветствие: Good morning, students! Today well speak about the national cuisine of Great Britain.

We will remember national dishes of the UK. Then we will help Alesya make a report about the British food and will try to make our own menu.

Речевая разминка: They say that British are the most awful chefs in the world there is no British cuisine.

Do you agree? Why? Do you disagree? Why? It is a stereotype, isn’t it? Well, stereotype is a popular belief about specific social groups or types of individuals. The concepts of «stereotype» and «prejudice» are often confused with many other different meanings. Stereotypes are standardized and simplified conceptions of groups based on some prior assumptions.

Let’s prove or break it during our lesson.

Повторение ранее изученного материала:

Work in pairs, please. Find out the answers in the following questions?

1) What is the main British food?

2) What is peculiar about the puddings?

3) What is typical English breakfast?

Present your answers.

Предтекстовый этап: Look at the board. Here is the list traditional British food. Match the words to make the name of the dishes.

bacon and mash

bread and squeak

macaroni and eggs

peanut butter and chips

fish and ice-cream

bangers and butter

bubble cheese

Do you know how to cook any of the dishes?

Have you tried/ tasted any of them?

Do we have the same dishes in our national cuisine?

Текстовый этап: Alesya has to make a report on British cuisine she asks Natalie to help her. Look through the dialogue; put the phrases in the correct order:

или

Each of you has only a part of the dialogue. Ask your partner about the missed information.

Use help box, to build your questions in a correct way:

What does Alesya ask Natalie about?

What does…?

What is…?

What else…?

Is it true that Alesya\Natalie ?

Is it so important?

Do you know anything about…?

Look through the dialogue what traditional dishes have you just read about?

Послетекстовый этап: Let’s try to cook these dishes. Use the information from the dialogue.

Take a seat at the computer. Open the presentation and do the task. Make an instruction

Present your cookery book.

Проверка д\з: Add one more recipe. Use the internet to find the information about the dish you’d like to present.

Выход на монологическую речь:

Answer the questions:

Are these dishes easy to cook?

Would you like to try any of the dishes?

What’s the typical breakfast for the British?

Do you know any other dishes from the British cuisine?

Imagine that you are asked to tell your classmates about the British cuisine. Let’s build a plan of your speech:

Traditional British cuisine

Typical British breakfast

Bubble and squeak

Puddings and pies

I’d like to try…

Present your report.

Домашнее задание:

Be ready to present what the British cuisine is like?

Рефлексия: Today we’ve got a lot of information about the British cuisine. So, is it awful as it is considered? What’s your opinion?

Use a help box

I think

I consider

In my opinion

What’s about me I think

Well, I’d like to say…

 

Оценка деятельности учащихся, выставление отметок за урок.

The lesson is over, see you next time.

 

 

 

 

 

bacon and

mash
bread and
squeak
macaroni and
eggs
fish and
peanut butter and
ice-cream
bangers and
butter
bubble
cheese

 

Student’s card

What does Alesya ask Natalie about?

What does…?

What is…?

What else…?

Is it true that Alesya\Natalie ?

Is it so important?

Do you know anything about…?

Imagine that you are asked to tell your classmates about the British cuisine. Let’s build a plan of your speech:

Traditional British cuisine

Typical British breakfast

Bubble and squeak

Puddings and pies

Today we’ve got a lot of information about the British cuisine. So, is it awful as it is considered? What’s your opinion?

Use a help box

I think

I consider

In my opinion

What’s about me I think

Well, I’d like to say…

-Hi, Natalie! Can you help me?

— Sure, I can.

-I’ve got a task to look for information about national cuisine of GB. They say that there is no British cuisine at all, is it really?

-British food isn’t so awful as it is considered. We’ve got original and unusual dishes which are known all over the world: fish and chips, beefsteak, English breakfast, Yorkshire pudding, bangers and mash, bubble and squeak and an apple pie.

-Well, tell me please, what does typical English breakfast consist of? I know that breakfast is the most important mealtime in the UK.

— You’re right breakfast is very important. Usually our morning starts with a bowl of cereals, muesli with milk or porridge. Then we can have sausages, bacon and eggs, black pudding. The breakfast usually ends with a cup of tea or coffee and a toast or a sandwich.

-What’s about Yorkshire pudding? Can I cook it myself?

-Sure, it’s easy. You need some flour, eggs, milk. We usually serve it with roast beef.

— Bubble and squeak – what’s it?

— This dish is made from cold vegetables: usually potatoes, cabbage, carrots and the others. They are chopped, then add some chopped meat and fry everything in a pan together with mashed potatoes.

-Share a recipe of your favourite dessert, please.

-I like an apple pie. To cook it you need 4 eggs, a cup of sugar and flour, butter, powder and apples.

-Well, thank you! I’m going to have a good mark, bye!

-Glad to help you! Bye, Alesya!

 

 

 

 

Card # 1

-Hi, Natalie! Can you help me?

— …..

-I’ve got a task to look for information about national cuisine of GB. They say that there is no British cuisine at all, is it really?

-…..

-Well, tell me please, what does typical English breakfast consist of? I know that breakfast is the most important mealtime in the UK.

— …..

-What’s about Yorkshire pudding? Can I cook it myself?

-…..

— Bubble and squeak – what’s it?

— ….

-Share a recipe of your favourite dessert, please.

-…..

-Well, thank you! I’m going to have a good mark, bye!

-Glad to help you! Bye, Alesya!

 

 

Card #2

-….

— Sure, I can.

-…..

-British food isn’t so awful as it is considered. We’ve got original and unusual dishes which are known all over the world: fish and chips, beefsteak, English breakfast, Yorkshire pudding, bangers and mash, bubble and squeak and an apple pie.

-….

— You’re right breakfast is very important. Usually our morning starts with a bowl of cereals, muesli with milk or porridge. Then we can have sausages, bacon and eggs, black pudding. The breakfast usually ends with a cup of tea or coffee and a toast or a sandwich.

— ….

-Sure, it’s easy. You need some flour, eggs, milk. We usually serve it with roast beef.

— ….

— This dish is made from cold vegetables: usually potatoes, cabbage, carrots and the others. They are chopped, then add some chopped meat and fry everything in a pan together with mashed potatoes.

-……

-I like an apple pie. To cook it you need 4 eggs, a cup of sugar and flour, butter, powder and apples.

-Well, thank you! I’m going to have a good mark, bye!

-Glad to help you! Bye, Alesya!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yorkshire pudding is a dish that originated in Yorkshire but attainedwider popularity. It is made from batter and most often served with roast beef, chicken, or any meal in which there isgravy served with it, or on its own. Gravy is considered an essential accompaniment by many, and when thepudding is eaten as a starter (see below), onion gravy is usually favoured above other alternatives. It is oftenclaimed that the purpose of the dish was to provide a cheap way to fill the diners — the Yorkshire pudding beingmuch cheaper than the other constituents of the meal — thus stretching a lesser amount of the more expensiveingredients as the Yorkshire pudding was traditionally served first.

Yorkshire pudding is cooked by pouring batter into a preheated greased baking tin containing very hot oil andbaking at very high heat until it has risen.

Traditionally, it is cooked in a large tin underneath a roasting joint of meat in order to catch the dripping fat and thencut appropriately. Yorkshire pudding may also be made in the same pan as the meat, after the meat has beencooked and moved to a serving platter, which also takes advantage of the meat’s fat that is left behind. It is notuncommon to cook them in muffin tins, using 2+ tbs batter per muffin, with 1-2 tsp oil in each tin before preheatingpan to very hot. Wrapped tightly, Yorkshire Puddings freeze and reconstitute very well.

Today individual round puddings (baked in bun trays or baking tins like Popovers, or in small skillets) areincreasingly prevalent, and can be bought frozen.

The Yorkshire pudding is a staple of the British Sunday dinner and in some cases is eaten as a separate courseprior to the main meat dish. This was the traditional method of eating the pudding and is still common in parts ofYorkshire today, having arisen in poorer times to provide a filling portion before the more expensive meat course. «Them ‘at eats t’most pudding gets t’most meat» is the common saying. Because the rich gravy from the roast meatdrippings was used up with the first course, the main meat and vegetable course was often served with a parsley orwhite sauce.

When baked with sausages (within the batter), it is known as toad in the hole. In pub cuisine, Yorkshire puddingsmay be offered with a multitude of fillings, with the pudding acting as a bowl. The pudding can also be eaten as asweet dish, with jam, golden syrup, or sugar.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quite often a country’s identity can be seen in its food. The Japanese like to eat raw fish and food with subtle flavours; this is known throughout the world, and Indian and Thai people like to eat very spicy food. The French like to eat frog’s legs and snails. However, British Food has a reputation for being bad. A reputation which is, I think quite unfair. I actually prefer to eat in Britain, not only because I can eat the food of my youth, but because of the variety of food. A variety which it should be mentioned is primarily international. Although some British food is well liked around the world, such as scones, biscuits (cookies), jams and marmalades, the bad reputation may be because; like the Germans the British have always liked heavy, well-cooked food. This may also be to do with the often cold weather.

British Culture, British Customs and British Traditions

British Cuisine

We do have a wide and varied cuisine in Britain today, and after years of people saying that British food is bad, Britain now has an enviable reputation. This reputation has been changed since the 1980’s. In fact some of the great chefs now come from Britain.

Traditional British cuisine is substantial, yet simple and wholesome. It has also been influenced by the traditions and tastes from different parts of the British Empire. Different teas from Ceylon and chutney, kedgeree, and mulligatawny soup from India.

A Brief history

British cuisine has always been multicultural, a mixture of different and eclectic styles. In ancient times influenced by the Romans and in medieval times by the French. When the French Normans invaded in 1066, they brought with them the spices of the east: cinnamon, saffron, mace, nutmeg, pepper, ginger. Sugar also came to England at that time. The few medieval cookery books that remain record dishes that use every spice available at the time and chefs across Europe saw their task to be make spicy food which they felt distinguished them from the peasants.

During Victorian times British food was also mixed with exotic spices from all the Empire. One of the benefits of having an empire is that we did learn from the colonies. From East Asia (China) we adopted tea (and exported the habit to India), and from India we adopted curry-style spicing, we even developed a line of spicy sauces including ketchup, mint sauce, Worcestershire sauce to indulge these tastes. Today it would be fair to say that curry has become a national dish.

Many English cakes and pastries, many are tied to the various religious holidays of the year. Hot Cross Buns are eaten on Good Friday and Plum Pudding for Christmas, and Twelfth Night Cake for Epiphany.

Unfortunately a great deal of damage was done to British cuisine during the two world wars. Britain is an island and supplies of many goods became short. The war effort used up goods and services and so less were left over for private people to consume. Ships importing food stuffs had to travel in convoys and so they could make fewer journeys. During the Second World War food rationing began in January 1940 and was lifted only gradually after the war.

Today

In the late 1980’s, British cuisine started to look for a new direction. Chefs began to look a little closer to home for inspiration. Calling on a rich (and largely ignored) tradition, and utilising many diverse and interesting ingredients, the basis was formed for what is now known as modern British food. Game (wild animals and fish hunted for sport, e.g. Pheasant) has enjoyed resurgence in popularity although it always had a central role in the British diet, which reflects both the abundant richness of the forests and streams.

In London especially, one can not only experiment with the best of British, but the best of the world as there are many distinct ethnic cuisines to sample, Chinese, Indian, Italian and Greek restaurants are amongst the most popular.

Although some traditional dishes such as roast beef and Yorkshire pudding, Cornish pasties, steak and kidney pie, bread and butter pudding, treacle tart, spotted dick or fish and chips, remain popular, there has been a significant shift in eating habits in Britain. Rice and pasta have accounted for the decrease in potato consumption and the consumption of meat has also fallen. Vegetable and salad oils have largely replaced the use of butter.

Roast beef is still the national culinary pride. It is called a «joint,» and is served at midday on Sunday with roasted potatoes, Yorkshire pudding, two vegetables, a good strong horseradish, gravy, and mustard.

Today there is more emphasis on fine, fresh ingredients in the better restaurants and markets in the UK offer food items from all over the world. Salmon, Dover sole, exotic fruit, Norwegian prawns and New Zealand lamb are choice items. Wild fowl and game are other specialties on offer.

In fact fish is still important to the English diet; we are after all an island surrounded by some of the richest fishing areas of the world. Many species swim in the cold offshore waters: sole, haddock, hake, plaice, cod (the most popular choice for fish and chips), turbot, halibut, mullet and John Dory. Oily fishes also abound (mackerel, pilchards, and herring) as do crustaceans like lobster and oysters. Eel, also common, is cooked into a wonderful pie with lemon, parsley, and shallots, all topped with puff pastry.

 

My Top Ten Foods

A little about me. I’m 20 years of age and live near Llandudno, North Wales. I’m a student at my local college, studying A-level Environmental Science and Geography. I completed A-levels in Physics, Chemistry and Biology there two year ago.

1 Chocolate-Favourite make: Cadburys milk chocolate.

2 Strawberries

3 Fudge

4 Cookies

5 Billberries. We used to go up into the forest in front of our house to pick these, in fact I think Ill go again this year because I can never find any in shops. They make great pies, crumbles, ice cream or to eat on their own. The juice is gorgeous too.

6 Chips-I am fussy when it comes to chips, I mean Ill eat most chips but I prefer ‘chippy’ chips.

7 Tuna

8 Crisps Favourite flavours: ready salted, and cheese & onion

9 Chicken

10 Gravy

How about you? What are your top 10 foods? Are any the same as Sarah? Are any the same as your neighbour?

 

Regional Specialties

Despite the recent mad cow problems, beef is still big industry in England, and the Scottish Aberdeen Angus is one of our most famous beef-producing breeds. Dairy cattle are also farmed extensively and this is why England is famous for its creams and butters and for its delicious cheeses: Stilton, Cheshire, blue Cheshire, double Gloucester, red Leicester, sage Derby, and of course cheddar.

Some interesting dishes include:

Beefsteak, Oyster, and Kidney Pudding: Oysters may seem unlikely in a meat pudding, but their great abundance in the Victorian age inspired cooks to find ways to incorporate them in many different recipes. This steamed pudding combines the meats with mushrooms, onions, tomatoes, and Worcestershire sauce, and is wrapped in suet pastry.

Black Pudding: invented in Stornoway, (Isle of Lewis, Scotland) black pudding is often served as part of a traditional full English breakfast. Black pudding is a kind of black sausage made from pigs blood.

Cock-a-Leekie. This Scottish specialty can be classified as a soup or a stew. It combines beef, chicken, leeks, and prunes to unusual and spectacular ends.

Eccles Cakes (North England): Puff pastry stuffed with a spicy currant filling.

Irish Stew: An Irish stew always has a common base of lamb, potatoes, and onion. It could contain any number of other ingredients, depending on the cook.

Mulligatawny Soup: What this soup is depends on who is cooking it. Originally a south Indian dish (the name means pepper water in Tamil); it has been adopted and extensively adapted by the British. Mullitgatawny contains chicken or meat or vegetable stock mixed with yogurt or cheese or coconut milk and is seasoned with curry and various other spices. It is sometimes served with a separate bowl of rice.

Trifle: Layers of alcohol-soaked sponge cake alternate with fruit, custard and whipped cream, some people add jelly, but that’s for kids.

Welsh Rabbit (or Rarebit): Cheese is grated and melted with milk or ale. Pepper, salt, butter, and mustard are then added. The mix is spread over toast and baked until «the cheese bubbles and becomes brown in appetizing-looking splashes» (Jane Grigson in English Food, London: Penguin, 1977).

 

Pies, Puddings, Buns and CakesPies, The British are very good at pies.

A pie is some food surrounded by pastry (pastry is a mixture of flour and butter). It is normally baked in the oven. The content of the pie can be sweet or savory. Typical examples of savory pies are steak and kidney pie, chicken pie or vegetable pie. Typical sweet pies are apple pie or rhubarb pie, blackberry pie, or a mixture of these such as apple and rhubarb or apple and blackberry. These are all typical fruits found in Britain. Actually people often go ‘berry picking’, or «to pick berries» in the summer, to find wild blackberries to take home to eat. There is a variation of the pie, the Cornish Pastie. Cornish tin mines invented the Cornish pastie so that working men could take their food to work with them, and it is suggested eat with dirty hands, because of the large crust. . Snacks and bar food are often in pie form: pasties (pronounced with a short «a» like «had»). They are filled turnovers.

Pies and puddings are related in British cooking. Originally, both solved the problem of preparing dinners made with less expensive meats. Pies covered a stew or other ingredients with a crust; puddings were made from butcher’s scraps tucked into a sheep’s stomach, then steamed or boiled. Pies have remained pies, although, in addition to savory pies, there are now sweet variations, which tend to have two crusts or a bottom crust only. Another popular pie is the Pork Pie. A small round dark pastry pie filled with pork.

Pie crusts can be made from a short dough or puff pastry

Pudding however has become a more general term for a sweet or savory steamed mixture — as well as a word that describes desserts in general. For example, black pudding is actually made with pig’s blood. Whereas plum pudding is a Christmas treat consisting of a steamed cake of beef suet (the white fat around the kidney and loins) and dried and candied fruits soaked in brandy. And, of course, one can’t forget rice pudding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Great British Breakfast!

The great British breakfast is famous throughout the world! Actually nowadays it is a bit of a myth, today as many British people are more likely to have a bowl of cornflakes or a cup of coffee with a cigarette fir breakfast.

However that is not to say that the traditional breakfast is dead, far from it, it is that it is not often eaten every day of the week.

The typical English breakfast is a 19th century invention, when the majority of English people adopted the copious meal of porridge, fish, bacon and eggs, toast and marmalade, that has now appeared on English breakfast tables for 100 years.

The annual consumption in the United Kingdom is 450,000 tonnes of bacon, 5,000 tonnes of sausages and millions of eggs, so you can see the Great British Breakfast is very much alive and well. It has retained its popularity as one of the country’s favourite meals, and survived a whole series of eating trends and food fads.

Simpsons in the Strand, a well know (and expensive) restaurant in London, serves breakfast daily. Their full English breakfast consists of the following:-

The GREAT BRITISH BREAKFAST at £13.95 includes:- Toast with jam or marmalade, pastries, fresh orange juice, freshly brewed coffee, a choice of cereals, porridge, stewed fruit or half a grapefruit, The Simpson’s Cumberland sausage, scrambled egg, streaky and back bacon, black pudding, grilled mushrooms and tomato and a daily newspaper (not for consumption).

Generally speaking the British breakfast is much bigger than in most other countries. Many people prefer to just eat toast and marmalade with tea or coffee. Cereals are also very popular. The most common type is cornflakes. They are made with different grains such as corn, wheat, oats etc. If you go to a British supermarket you will see that there are many types of cereals available. In Scotland particularly, people eat «porridge» or boiled oats. Porridge is very heavy but in the winter it will keep you warm on your way to school. It is also very healthy.

Although everyone knows that «breakfast» is the first meal of the day, the other meal words are confusing. Words such as «dinner, lunch, tea, high tea, elevenses, supper» and if you ask a British person what these words mean, most of them will give you a different answer according to what part of the country they are from or from what social class they are from. Some people eat dinner at 12.00 a.m. and some people at lunch at 12.00 a.m.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Sunday Roast

Every Sunday thousands of British families sit down together to eat a veritable feast of roasted meat served with roast potatoes, vegetables and other accompaniments. It is a tradition with a long history.

How it all began

In medieval times the village serfs served the squire for six days a week. Sundays however were a day of rest, and after the morning church service, serfs would assemble in a field and practice their battle techniques. They were rewarded with mugs of ale and a feast of oxen roasted on a spit.

These days the tradition has survived because the meat can be put in the oven to roast before the family goes to church and be ready to eat when they return.

Typical meats for roasting are joints of beef, pork, lamb or a whole chicken. More rarely duck, goose, gammon, turkey or game are eaten. The more popular Sunday Lunches are:

Roast beef — served with Yorkshire pudding; and horseradish sauce or English mustard as relishes.

Roast pork — served with crackling (the crispy skin of the pork) and sage and onion stuffing; apple sauce and English mustard as relishes

Roast lamb — served with sage and onion stuffing and mint sauce as a relish

Roast chicken — served with pigs in blankets, chipolata sausages and stuffing, and bread sauce or cranberry sauce or redcurrant jelly

 

Additionally the Sunday roast will be served with gravy made from the meat juices.

On Sundays people don’t have to work so they take the opportunity eat together with their family. Sunday lunch is usually the best meal of the week and many of the meals which are considered typically British are eaten for Sunday lunch. For example roast beef and Yorkshire pudding.

This is a typical British family eating together on Sunday in the 1950’s. After lunch the father would smoke his pipe and read the newspaper sitting on his favourite armchair while his wife washes the dishes. The children play traditional English games such as hopscotch, skipping or doctors and nurses.

In my childhood, during the 1960’s growing up in London we had a Sunday lunch every Sunday, and the whole street would smell of roast beef and roast potatoes. But not now most people no longer eat a Sunday Lunch at home. AT least not in the south of England. It is more traditional in the north. In the south people will often go to the pub for a ‘Sunday Lunch’.

Fish and Chips

Fish and chips is the traditional take-away food of England, long before McDonalds we had the fish and chip shop. Fresh cod is the most common fish for our traditional fish and chips, other types of fish used include haddock, huss, and plaice.

The fresh fish is dipped in flour and then dipped in batter and deep fried, it is then served with chips (fresh not frozen) and usually you will be asked if you want salt and vinegar added. Sometimes people will order curry sauce (yellow sauce that tastes nothing like real curry), mushy peas (well it’s green anyway) or pickled eggs (yes pickled). The Fish is often called «The Chippy». If you go to Britain you will almost certainly go to a fish and chip shop. Traditionally fish and chips were served up wrapped in old newspaper. Nowadays (thanks to hygiene laws) they are wrapped in greaseproof paper and sometimes paper that has been specially printed to look like newspaper. You often get a small wooden or plastic fork to eat them with too, although it is quite ok to use your fingers.

Things have changed in Britain and most British people eat meals from many different countries for example spaghetti or curry. In fact you could even say that the British don’t eat much British food.

However the most typical thing to eat for dinner is meat and two vegetables or «meat and two veg». This consists of a piece of meat accompanied by two different boiled vegetables. This is covered with «gravy» which is a sauce made with the juice that was obtained when the meat was cooked. One of the vegetables is almost always potatoes. The British eat a lot of potatoes. Potatoes are to the British what rice is to the Japanese. They came to Europe in the 16th century from Peru and South America. They came into Britain in the 17th century. Why are there a lot of Irish people in America? Because potatoes were the most important food in Ireland and when the potatoes failed because of a disease in 1845, 1846 and 1848 many Irish people moved to North America. (Many 1000’s also died).

During the First and Second World Wars it was difficult to import food and farmers mainly grew potatoes. In fact anyone who could grew potatoes and there was a slogan ‘Dig for victory’, which encouraged people to grow there own potatoes and vegetables. Today each British person eats on average 100 kilos of potatoes a year, or 820 potatoes each a year. 20% of all meals contain potatoes in Britain, and Fish and Chips is still the most popular take away in Britain at 300m meals a year, 90m more than Indian take away meals, the next most popular take away. 1/3 of all potatoes eaten are as chips.

There are many different types of potatoes, those with red skins, white skins, large ones for baking, and small ones which can be eaten with the skin on. They are simple to eat, and can be cooked in different ways for example; boiling, mashing (as mashed potatoes),roasting or frying as for example, chips. People also eat potato soup, potato salad, of eat ‘bangers and mash’. Bangers are sausages, and so bangers and mash is sausages with mashed potatoes.

Crisps.

One of Britain’s favourite snacks is crisps. More than 7 million packets of crisps are made every day. The first potato crisps were made in the USA in 1852, and the first reference in Britain was in 1854 in a cookery book called ‘shilling cookery’.

The British have there own favourite and unique flavours such as cheese and onion, ready salted, beef and chicken, salt and vinegar and Worcester sauce. Although it must be added that a lot of people in Britain are vegetarians, about 10% of the population, which is about 6 million people. Why? Because the British are a nation of animal lovers, and people want to do something to help animals.

Steaks — an American tradition?

When you think about steak America always seems to come to mind, with cowboys and Texas. However in the past steaks were so British that our elite troops were referred to as beefeaters, you can still see them in their traditional costume at the Tower of London.

British Cheese

Cheese is made from the curdled milk of various animals: most commonly cows but often goats, sheep and even reindeer, and buffalo. Britain started producing cheese thousands of years ago. However, it was in Roman times that the cheese-making process was improved and the techniques developed. In the middle ages, the monasteries flourished following the Norman invasion. It was these monks that created so many of the now classic types of cheese that are produced in Britain.

The tradition of making cheese nearly died out during WWII, when due to rationing only one type of cheese could be manufactured — the unappealingly named ‘National Cheese’. The discovery and revival of old recipes and the development of new types of cheese have seen the British cheese industry flourish in recent years and diversify in a way not seen since the 17th century. If you go into a typical supermarket you will see about 100-200 different types of cheese. Wonderful but fattening.

The Sandwich — It’s British too!

Where would British be without the cheese sandwich? The origin of the sandwich is as British as possible. The name refers to the Earl of Sandwich who lived 1718 to 1792. He was very keen on betting and gambling, and taking meals was considered by him as highly an interruptions. He therefore invented a kind of meal that did not requiring him to leave the gambling table for the dining table: sandwiches.

Lunch

If you go to Britain to study English and you stay with a family you will almost certainly be given a «packed lunch» to eat for your midday meal a school, almost always sandwiches. A packed lunch normally consists of some sandwiches, a packet of crisps, an apple and a can of something to drink, for example, coca-cola. The contents are kept in a plastic container and you take it with you when you go to school or work. The quality of the packed lunch can vary from terrible to very good; it all depends on who makes it. Cheese sandwiches are very common. The British love sandwiches, mainly because the bread is very high quality and they are easy to make. Some factories and schools have canteens where you can eat, but the packed lunch is the most common thing to eat.

Fast food.

As in any other country, people are busy, they often do not have time to eat or cook, and they eat quick and unhealthy food. In Britain the most successful fast food chain is McDonalds. These became popular in Britain during the 1970’s, and before the 1960’s there were no fast food restaurants. Wimpy was the first hamburger chain in Britain, again childhood memories abound of the rare treat of eating in a Wimpy, and eating a hamburger with onions. Other fast food shops are Kebab shops. These are mainly Turkish in origin and serve ‘kebabs’. Slices of pressed meat in a pita.

However the most popular take away food is fish and chips, dominating sales at 83%. In Britain we spend more on fast food than any other country in Western Europe spending which has grown by 21 per cent in the last ten years.

You are what you eat.

Even thought the quality of British food has improved, and there is a lot of fresh and healthy food available, most British people have very bad eating habits-they eat unhealthy food. Fast food plays a big role in our growing rates of obesity. The Health Survey for England 1998, estimates that 62 per cent of adults are now overweight or ‘obese’, a figure that’s rising at the same rate as America, which is one of the fattest nations on the planet. Further more, 15% of 15 year old school children are obese-(defined as fat by a doctor). It is now the case that most young people will not live as long as their parents or grandparents.

For example, women need about 1,940 calories a day and men 2,550. Extra calories are turned into body fat. A Domino’s Pizza is1,098 calories, a Burger King Whopper with Cheese is 955 calories, and a McDonald’s Quarter Pounder with Cheese is 516 calories. This is usually in addition to the other 2000 calories.

Some More Typical English Food.

Take a look here………

http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/customs/questions/food/dishes.htm

http://www.britishdelights.com/

Baked Beans

Baked beans are beans cooked in tomato sauce. They come in cans and are normally eaten on toast. The British are very fond of baked beans.

 

 

Bangers and Mash.

This is mashed potatoes with sausages.

A Ploughman’s Lunch

This is a very popular thing to eat if you go to eat in a «pub» at midday. It normally consists of a bread roll with a piece of cheese and pickle. By the way there are many very good pickles that you can buy at the supermarket for example «Branston Pickle». Branston Pickle is not sold in any other countries but it is the perfect companion to cheese. It is made with onions and sauce, like bulldog sauce. British cheeses are very good. The most famous is Cheddar. Most of the cheeses Red Leicester, Cheshire, Carephilly etc. There is a very good British blue cheese called Stilton, which you can of course buy in Japan?

Haggis. This is only normally eaten in Scotland. It is sheep’s stomach stuffed with meat and vegetables.

 

British Bread.

British bread is excellent, (not supermarket bread though) and if you go to the baker there are many different types of bread to choose from. However, although the bread is very good in Britain, the most popular type of bread in Britain is sliced white bread. When the British eat bread they almost always cover it with butter or margarine. It is very common to see a plate of bread and butter on table when you eat. Bread is of course used for making sandwiches and sandwiches and tea became a good reason for social gatherings, and started a trend that is still very much a part of British life.

Shepherd’s Pie

Even better reheated the next day, the use of good quality meat and a tin of baked beans (Heinz, naturally) make this the ideal Brit-dish.

1lb lamb steak chopped to very small pieces/minced lamb (you can also substitute minced beef for a cottage pie or lentils)
1 medium onion, diced
2lb white potatoes, boiled and mashed with little butter and milk — this can be done while the meat browns
1 tbsp vegetable oil
1tbsp parsley
1tsp thyme
275ml lamb stock (can substitute beef or veg)
1 tbsp tomato puree
1 can baked beans (half juice drained)
handful of grated cheddar
1 tomato, sliced

Heat the oil in a frying pan fry the onions and brown the meat before draining off the fat.

Add the herbs and gradually stir in the stock, tomato puree and finally the baked beans. Turn the heat right down and allow to gently simmer for around 30 mins or until the stock is reduced. In the meantime preheat the oven to 200C

Transfer the meat to a casserole dish, spoon the mashed potato on top and smooth out with a fork. Sprinkle on the grated cheese and arrange the tomato on top.

Place in the oven and cook for around 25-30 mins or until the top begins to crisp.

by Laura Heaps, My Village

Tea-Some British Tea Drinking Customs

The average is 8 cups per person per day.

Tea was introduced to Europe from China in 1610, and was became popular in Britain by 1750. Afternoon tea can still be taken in hotels and restaurants and usually consists of a pot of tea (for one or two), and a light snack such as a sandwich or a cake or the tea is drunk with scones. This is a ‘cream tea’. Look at page 44. Harrods has a very nice afternoon tea. It is about ¥ 3000 per person but you do not have to eat an evening meal because it is an eat as much as you want waiter service.

Tea breaks

Tea breaks are a tradition which have been with the British for approximately 200 years. Initially when workers commenced their day at around 5 or 6am, employers allowed a break in the morning when food and tea were served. Some employers repeat the break in the afternoon as well. It is very normal for companies to allow 15-20 minutes for the tea break. If they did not the unions would probably go on strike!

The Traditional Way to Make Tea.

  1. Boil some fresh water
  2. Put some hot water into the pot to make it warm
  3. Pour out the water from the pot.
  4. Put one teaspoon of tea-leaves per person, and one extra tea-spoon into the pot (this extra one is called ‘one for the pot’).
  5. Pour boiling water on to the tea.
  6. Leave for a few minutes.
  7. Serve.

Today however most people use tea bags because they are easier. Tea bags used to be square but now they can be round or pyramid shaped. I much prefer British tea to Japanese tea-the flavour is different.

BOOK Look at pages 44-45.

Look at the pictures. Match the descriptions. Which of the dishes would you like to eat/not like to eat?

How different is British food from Japanese food?

What percentage of meals contain rice in Japan, 20? 60% 80% 100%?

When do Japanese people eat potatoes? How do they eat them, boiled? Baked?

What are the popular flavours of crisps in Japan?

The Future

The food industry in Britain is now undergoing major changes. From a resurgence of interest in organic food to the other extreme — genetically modified (GM) food. GM food has so incensed the general public that there have been mass demonstrations against it all over the country.

Farm-scale trials of genetically-modified (GM) crops look set to go ahead after enough sites were found to carry out the experiments, following a meeting of the Scientific Steering Committee, an independent group overseeing the trials.

A Cabinet Office spokeswoman said: ‘The outcome of the meeting was that there are sufficient sites to allow trials to go ahead. They will be advising ministers next week and an announcement will be made as soon as possible.’

It had been reported last month that the trial site organisers were ‘struggling’ to find enough farmers to take part. Ministers were said to want about 75 farm-scale trials of GM crops this year to test whether they damage the environment. They need to choose from a pool of 150 farms for the first phase of the three-year scientific experiment.

A Friends of the Earth spokesman urged farmers who had volunteered for the trials to ‘think again’. He said: ‘Farmers who have signed up for these very large trials should realise that they have also signed up to a packet of potential problems. Issues such as liability for cross-pollination of neighbouring crops and contamination of honey have not been resolved. The main beneficiaries of GM crops could well be lawyers rather farmers.’